James Cameron Shows Off His Original Vision For Avatar, From 1976

17.08.13

 

While director James Cameron gets together three Avatar sequels, it’s a good time to take a look back at the origins of the world of Pandora, and the inspiration for its native people, the Na’vi. Considering that the highest grossing movie of all-time is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the mythology of Pandora, Cameron better have a vivid imagination to mine four movies from a single idea. Apparently, Cameron first had this idea back in 1976, when he was working as a poster painter for a low budget movie studio.

According to Movies.com, Cameron worked various industry jobs while learning his trade. While he was creating the artwork for an unknown, freaky-looking science fiction film, the sexy blue woman on the poster led him to create the world of Avatar. During his episode of Oprah Winfrey Network show Visionaries—Inside James Cameron’s Creative Mind, the 59-year-old director showed the painting and recalled his initial idea. Cameron explained:

This [painting] is going back to 1976 I think, and this was for a film project that never went anywhere. The thing that’s interesting about it is that I’ve already got a tall, hot blue girl in that movie. Her name wasn’t Neytiri and it was in a completely different context, but I was already thinking about it then.

avatar-neytiri-james-cameron-inspiration

While the mysterious painting looks nothing like Neytiri (Zoe Saldana) or any of the Na’vi, it’s interesting to see where it all started, 33 years before Avatar finally hit movie screens. Cameron also recalled dreams he had as a young man, vivid with images of a glowing forest, which is where he found the inspiration for the landscape of Pandora. He continued:

One of them [the dreams] was a glowing forest with a river of light running through it and trees that sort of looked like fiber optics…Well, guess what. Cut to 30 years later and I’m making a movie where we’re spending millions of dollars to create that imagery, but that image came to me in a dream when I was 18 years old.

Currently, Cameron has four screenwriters to help him with the scripts for the trio of upcoming Avatarsequels. Josh Friedman (Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles), Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver (Rise of the Planet of the Apes), and Shane Salerno (Salinger) are hard at work writing on various installments of the ever growing franchise.

All three sequels will film concurrently at Peter Jackson’s Weta Studios in New Zealand. Sam Worthington and Zoe Saldana are set to reprise their roles as Jake Sully and Neytiri, respectively. According to Saldana, production should begin in early 2014. Cameron will spend the next five years of his life working within this franchise, but it will be worth it to bring audiences back to Pandora. Twentieth Century Fox announced that the next Avatar movie will be released during the holidays in 2016.

publicado por sá morais às 13:15

9 Famous Authors Rejected by Publishers

17.08.13

By Stephanie Ostroff

Manuscript complete, a young British writer dashed off his first novel for review by a publishing house. The premise of his book was simple enough: a band of schoolboys struggles to survive on an uninhabited island. Yet publishers ripped it to shreds. Twenty-one publishers, to be exact. One went so far as to call the author's work "an absurd and uninteresting fantasy which was rubbish and dull." 

If William Golding had called it quits after collecting a stack of rejection letters, Lord of the Flies would never have made it to bookshelves. To date, it's sold more than 14.5 million copies and made it on Modern Library's 100 Best Novels list. Golding also went on to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Not too shabby.

It almost seems a rite of passage for bestselling authors: acquiring a few dozen rejection letters before making it big. Today their books are stamped with awards and critics' praise. But it wasn't long ago that editors shredded their manuscripts and denied them publication. Next time you open a rejection letter (or email) visualize these literary greats-- and get back to writing. 

C.S. Lewis 

Lewis

No list of rejected authors would be complete without Lewis, who was turned down 800 times before selling a single piece of writing.  His Chronicles of Narnia was eventually translated into 47 languages and sold more than 100 million copies. 

 

Anne Frank

Anne frank

Fifteen publishers refused to print The Diary of Anne Frank. One critic postulated, "The girl doesn’t, it seems to me, have a special perception or feeling which would lift that book above the ‘curiosity’ level.” It seems more than 25 million were curious enough to buy it.

 

Jack Kerouac

Kerouac

The voice of the Beat Generation was almost silenced by publishers. Early critics were convinced On the Road would fail. One wrote, "His frenetic and scrambled prose perfectly express the feverish travels of the Beat Generation. But is that enough? I don't think so." Millions of copies sold and a major motion picture would have us believe otherwise. 

 

Rudyard Kipling

Kipling

"I’m sorry Mr. Kipling, but you just don’t know how to use the English language." The San Francisco Examiner roasted Kiping's writing, but the author persevered. Today, millions of readers (and Disney) are thankful for that. 

 

Sylvia Plath

Sylvia_plath

Poets weren't spared the disdain of the publishing world. One editor attempted to hush Sylvia Plath by telling her, "There certainly isn't enough genuine talent for us to take notice." Today she's one of America's most celebrated poets and the recipient of a posthumous Pulitzer Prize. 

 

George Orwell

Orwell

"It is impossible to sell animal stories in the USA," was the snippy response from one publisher to Orwell's Animal Farm. Even T.S. Eliot, as head of Faber & Faber, scoffed at the book and its "Trotskyite politics." Eventually publisher Secker & Warburg snatched up the manuscript and watched it climb the bestsellers list. 

 

Louisa May Alcott

Louisa_May_Alcott

One publisher advised Alcott to "stick to teaching." She ignored the (now defunct) publisher's advice and penned Little Women, which remains in print almost 150 years later. 

 

H.G. Wells

Hg wells
 

The War of the Worlds received some brutal evaluations. A particularly grumpy editor attacked Wells' piece with abandon, calling it "An endless nightmare. I think the verdict would be ‘Oh don’t read that horrid book.'” The verdict reads a little more like this: read by millions and the inspiration for a string of feature films, radio dramas, comic books, a record album and a TV series. 

 

Stephanie Ostroff graduated from the University of Maryland in 2011 with a degree in journalism. Her writing has been featured in National Geographic Traveler's Intelligent Travel blog and USA WEEKEND Magazine, among other publications.

publicado por sá morais às 13:13

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